Stainless Steel 304 Material Property Data Sheet

Do you need custom fasteners created with Stainless Steel 304? Since our inception, Elgin Fastener Group has met every challenge of providing Quality, Timely, Cost-effective solutions for specialty fastener applications. Every product is built to your specifications, using your prints if necessary.

Below are the technical specifications of the Stainless Steel 304 Bar Stock we have available to meet your needs.

AISI Type 304 Stainless Steel

Subcategory: Heat Resisting; Metal; Stainless Steel; T 300 Series Stainless Steel

Close Analogs: UNS S30400; AMS 5501, 5513, 5560, 5565; ASME SA182, SA194 (8), SA213, SA240; ASTM A167, A182, A193, A194

Key Words: aisi304, aisi 304, T304, T 304, SUS304, SS304, 304SS, 304 SS, UNS S30400, AMS 5501, AMS 5513, AMS 5560, AMS 5565, AMS 5566, AMS 5567, AMS 5639, AMS 5697, ASME SA182, ASME SA194 (8), ASME SA213, ASME SA240, ASME SA249, ASME SA312, ASME SA320 (B8), ASME SA358, ASME SA376, ASME SA403, ASME SA409, ASME SA430, ASME SA479, ASME SA688, ASTM A167, ASTM A182, ASTM A193, ASTM A194, ASTM A666, FED QQ-S-763, MILSPEC MIL-S-5059, SAE 30304, DIN 1.4301, X5CrNi189, B.S. 304 S 15, EN 58E, PN 86020 (Poland), OH18N9, ISO 4954 X5CrNi189E, ISO 683/13 11, 18-8

Component Wt. %
C Max 0.08
Cr 18 – 20
Fe 66.345 – 74
Mn Max 2
Ni 8 – 10.5
P Max 0.045
S Max 0.03
Si Max 1

Material Notes:
Austenitic Cr-Ni stainless steel. Better corrosion resistance than Type 302. High ductility, excellent drawing, forming, and spinning properties. Essentially non-magnetic, becomes slightly magnetic when cold worked. Low carbon content means less carbide precipitation in the heat-affected zone during welding and a lower susceptibility to intergranular corrosion.

Applications: beer kegs, bellows, chemical equipment, coal hopper linings, cooking equipment, cooling coils, cryogenic vessels, dairy equipment, evaporators, flatware utensils, feedwater tubing, flexible metal hose, food processing equipment, hospital surgical equipment, hypodermic needles, kitchen sinks, marine equipment and fasteners, nuclear vessels, oil well filter screens, refrigeration equipment, paper industry, pots and pans, pressure vessels, sanitary fittings, valves, shipping drums, spinning, still tubes, textile dyeing equipment, tubing.

Corrosion Resistance: resists most oxidizing acids and salt spray.

Physical Properties Metric English Comments
Density 8 g/cc 0.289 lb/in³
Mechanical Properties
Hardness, Brinell 123 123 Converted from Rockwell B hardness.
Hardness, Knoop 138 138 Converted from Rockwell B hardness.
Hardness, Rockwell B 70 70
Hardness, Vickers 129 129 Converted from Rockwell B hardness.
Tensile Strength, Ultimate 505 MPa 73200 psi
Tensile Strength, Yield 215 MPa 31200 psi at 0.2% offset
Elongation at Break 70 % 70 % in 50 mm
Modulus of Elasticity 193 – 200 GPa 28000 – 29000 ksi
Poisson’s Ratio 0.29 0.29
Charpy Impact 325 J 240 ft-lb
Shear Modulus 86 GPa 12500 ksi
Electrical Properties
Electrical Resistivity 7.2e-005 ohm-cm 7.2e-005 ohm-cm at 20°C (68°F); 1.16E-04 at 650°C (1200°F)
Magnetic Permeability 1.008 1.008 at RT
Thermal Properties
CTE, linear 20°C 17.3 µm/m-°C 9.61 µin/in-°F from from 0-100°C
CTE, linear 250°C 17.8 µm/m-°C 9.89 µin/in-°F at 0-315°C (32-600°F)
CTE, linear 500°C 18.7 µm/m-°C 10.4 µin/in-°F at 0-650°C
Heat Capacity 0.5 J/g-°C 0.12 BTU/lb-°F from 0-100°C (32-212°F)
Thermal Conductivity 16.2 W/m-K 112 BTU-in/hr-ft²-°F at 0-100°C, 21.5 W/m°C at 500°C
Melting Point 1400 – 1455 °C 2550 – 2650 °F
Solidus 1400 °C 2550 °F
Liquidus 1455 °C 2650 °F

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